When to Use Corrections
We feel that the only time corrections should be used in dog training is in taking the reward out of self-rewarding behaviors (behaviors that in and of themselves are fun and rewarding to a dog). Pulling on a leash and incessant barking can be (but are not always) two such behaviors. However, as with anything in dog training, a trainer must first ascertain why a dog is doing a behavior. Punishments should only be used if the behavior is solely being done for the enjoyment of it. If a dog is pulling on a leash because he is anxious, punishment based training will only make the problem worse. Similarly, if a dog is barking because he is afraid of something, punishments will only confirm in his mind that whatever he is barking is dangerous. I can't stress the importance of this enough. Punishment based training can move your training backwards considerably if used at the wrong time.